Oak Cliff National Register Historic Districts
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Oak Cliff National Register Historic Districts starting clockwise at the far upper left hand corner are Kessler Park, Miller-Stemmons, Lake Cliff, Tenth Street, Lancaster Commercial, Bishop Arts, Winnetka Heights, Rosemont Addition and Kings Hwy.

There are two historic classifications that an area can be awarded: the National Register is a Federal program administrered by the Department of Interior and managed by the state primarily for the purpose of Federal Tax Credits.  The Second is the local City of Dallas Historic Landmark program.  This also comes with tax incentives but also has the strictest rules regarding demolition.  Restriction of the demolition of historic properties only comes with local historick landmark designation... period.  

Of the above districts, only Winnetka, Lake Cliff and Tenth St. carry this stricter interpretation.  Kings Hwy, Bishop Arts. and Kessler are Conservation Districts which encourage saving structures but do not out right forbid demolition. 

10. McKinney Lamar Viaduct / Continental Viaduct c.1931
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Completed in 1931, the McKinney-Lamar (Continental) Viaduct was one of 4 vehicular bridges created in the early 1930's to alleviate traffic and congestion to and from Oak Cliff.  It also provided routes free from worry of flooding from the Trinity River.  Before the completion of the 4 viaducts, the Houston viaduct served as the sole secure connection to and from Dallas.  The other bridges along with a streetcar viaduct were at Commerce, Cadiz and Corinth.  A $6,950,000 bond issue was approved by voters on 3 April 1928, which provided for the construction of the bridges. 

9. Kovandovitch Concrete House - 523 Eads c.1914
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At the edge of "The Bottom" neighborhood, near Townview Center and the Trinity River, and visible from the I-35 Horseshoe construction site, sits a 100-year old concrete ruin and Dallas Landmark. This Villa with Greek and Italian architectural details was designed and built in 1914 by a Czech immigrant, Joseph Kovandovitch who arrived in the U.S. when he was fifteen. He chose the bluff overlooking downtown long before 1959 construction of R.L. Thornton Freeway, because it allowed views of the growing Dallas skyline. The site was also located near stops for the Dallas Consolidated Street Railway and a suburban line of the Southern Traction Company, providing Kovandovitch with commuting opportunities to a downtown café he owned and operated.

This was the second concrete home built by and lived in by Mr. Kovandovitch and his family. Self-educated and intrigued with cast-in-place concrete construction, he built the first solid-concrete house in Dallas. The prototype structure on Ross Avenue, between Field and Akard, was a 2-story addition to a frame house; said to have been inspired by buildings of Pompeii. Kovandovitch began construction in 1907 with concrete purchased from the brand new Southwestern States Portland Cement Company in West Dallas. The front of the house was partly demolished in 1930 for the widening of Ross, and completely demolished in 1972.

8. N. Bishop Ave. and the Miller-Stemmons National Register Historic District c.1910 - 1930's
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The Miller Stemmons Historic District is roughly bounded by Neches to the north, Woodlawn to the west, Elsbeth to the east and Davis to the south. The area today is part of Kidd Springs. It is compromised largely of 1 and 2 story single family homes constructed between 1910 to the late 1930’s and multi-family apartments constructed in the 1920’s.  It encompasses approximately 124 acres. At the time of designation on the National Register of Historic Places in 1994, the district had 381 properties; 243 were Contributing and 138 were Noncontributing. 


The area is unique in the sheer abundance of various forms of architecture it offers.  Because it developed slowly, one can find Classic Revival, Prairie, Craftsman and Four-square of various sizes and characteristics. During the district’s period of significance from 1910 – the early 30’s, economic forces dictated that the area shift from grand homes for doctors and lawyers to more modest homes for middle class residents

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